scratch


scratch
I UK [skrætʃ] / US verb
Word forms "scratch":
present tense I/you/we/they scratch he/she/it scratches present participle scratching past tense scratched past participle scratched
*
1) [intransitive/transitive] to pull your nails along your skin, especially because you have an itch that makes you want to do this

Stop scratching!

Scratch my back for me, will you.

2)
a) [transitive] to cut someone's skin slightly with something sharp

Don't worry: the cat won't scratch you.

The tree's branches had scratched his hands and they were bleeding.

b) to damage a surface by marking it with something sharp or rough

Someone's scratched my car door.

3)
a) [intransitive/transitive] to move something sharp against a hard surface and make a noise
scratch at:

I could hear the dog scratching at the back door.

b) [intransitive] to produce new sounds by moving a record backwards and forwards quickly with your hand while the stylus is resting on the record
4)
a) [transitive] to remove something, for example a word from a sentence or something from a list
b) to remove someone from a race before it begins
5) [transitive] informal to decide not to continue with something such as a plan or a project
6) [transitive] informal to write something very quickly and carelessly

you scratch my back (and I'll scratch yours) — used for saying that two people each do something to help the other

Phrasal verbs:
Derived word:
scratched
adjective

a badly scratched CD


II UK [skrætʃ] / US noun
Word forms "scratch":
singular scratch plural scratches
*
1) [countable] a cut on the surface of your skin

Don't worry. It's just a scratch.

a) [countable] a thin mark on a surface

There were some nasty scratches on the paintwork.

b) [singular] used for emphasizing that someone is not hurt at all or that something is not damaged at all

Fortunately I walked away from the accident without a scratch.

a used car that doesn't have a scratch on it

2) [countable, usually singular] the action of pulling your nails along your skin
have a scratch:

The dog was having a good scratch against the furniture.

3) [countable] a sound made by moving something sharp or rough against a hard surface

We heard the scratch of a cat's claws against a tree.


III UK [skrætʃ] / US adjective
1) a scratch team or game is one that is organized quickly using any players who are available
2) a scratch player is one who does not have a handicap

English dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • scratch — [ skratʃ ] adj. inv. • 1854; mot angl. « rail, ligne de départ » ♦ Anglic. Autom. Temps, classement scratch : meilleur temps ou classement toutes catégories. ● scratch adjectif invariable (anglais scratch, marque) Au golf, se dit d un joueur qui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Scratch — may refer to:MusicRecordings* Scratch (album), by Kaela Kimura * Scratch (soundtrack), the soundtrack to the film Scratch * Peter Gabriel (1978 album), a self titled album often referred to as Scratch * Scratch, a song by Morphine on the album… …   Wikipedia

  • Scratch — Scratch, скретч: Скретч  звуковой эффект, получаемый ручным продёргиванием звуковой дорожки грампластинки или магнитной ленты при воспроизведении; также, звуковой эффект при игре на гитаре, получаемый при скольжении по обмотке струн пальцев… …   Википедия

  • scratch — ► VERB 1) make a long mark or wound on (a surface) with something sharp or pointed. 2) rub (a part of one s body) with one s fingernails to relieve itching. 3) (of a bird or mammal) rake the ground with the beak or claws in search of food. 4)… …   English terms dictionary

  • scratch — [skrach] vt. [LME scracchen, prob. altered < scratten, to scratch, based on cracchen < or akin to MDu cratsen, to scratch < IE base * gred > Alb gërüj, (I) scratch] 1. to mark, break, or cut the surface of slightly with something… …   English World dictionary

  • Scratch — Scratch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scratched}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scratching}.] [OE. cracchen (perhaps influenced by OE. scratten to scratch); cf. OHG. chrazz[=o]n, G. kratzen, OD. kratsen, kretsen, D. krassen, Sw. kratsa to scrape, kratta to rake, to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratch — Scratch, n. 1. A break in the surface of a thing made by scratching, or by rubbing with anything pointed or rough; a slight wound, mark, furrow, or incision. [1913 Webster] The coarse file . . . makes deep scratches in the work. Moxon. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratch — (engl.: Kratzer, Schramme) bezeichnet: Scratchen oder Scratching, das bewegen einer Schallplatte durch einen DJ Scratch (Bahnradsport), eine Disziplin im Bahnradsport Scratch (Programmiersprache), eine visuelle Programmiersprache Scratch building …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • scratch — scratch; scratch·able; scratch·brush·er; scratch·er; scratch·i·ly; scratch·i·ness; scratch·ings; scratch·less; …   English syllables

  • Scratch — Scratch, a. Made, done, or happening by chance; arranged with little or no preparation; determined by circumstances; haphazard; as, a scratch team; a scratch crew for a boat race; a scratch shot in billiards. [Slang] [1913 Webster] {Scratch race} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scratch — [skrætʃ] <Adv.> [engl., zu scratch = hinterste Startlinie bei Handicaprennen] (Golf): ohne Vorgabe: er spielt s. * * * Scratch   [englisch/amerikanisch, skrætʃ; wörtlich »zerkratzen, streichen«], 1) kurzer, sofort abgedämpfter… …   Universal-Lexikon